Franco Columbu, who passed away last August 30 at 78, was a man of many titles. He was Mr. Olympia twice (1976 & ’81), Mr. Universe, Mr. World, Mr. International, Mr. Europe. He was a husband, a father, a chiropractor, an actor, Arnold Schwarzenegger’s best friend. But, perhaps most famously, he was celebrated for his strength. At only 5’5” and 180-something, his lifts are legendary. But are they true? Pound-for-pound, was Franco Columbu the strongest bodybuilder of all time?

WEIGHTLIFTING

After boxing in his native Sardinia, Columbu took up Olympic weightlifting in the early ’60s. We were unable to locate any photos or official results, but Columbu claimed these bests: press 325 lbs. (147.4 kg.), snatch 270 lbs. (122.4 kg.), clean and jerk 400 lbs. (181 kg.). If done in one meet, they’d total 995 lbs. (451.3 kg.)—and that’s ludicrous! He would’ve been, at most, a middleweight, and the middleweight gold medalist of the 1964 Olympics set a world record with 981. No way was this unknown Italian even in the 900-club then, but we simply don’t know how strong he was in weightlifting.

POWERLIFTING

During or after this time, he competed in powerlifting—a new competitive sport finding its way in the ’60s with vague rules and odd lifts. He claims to have won the Italian, German, European, and World Championships, but no records were located, and the first world championships weren’t held until 1971 (Columbu didn’t compete). There is a photo of him (left) before or after a squat of about 330 in a powerlifting event in 1966 (Arnold won the heavyweight class). His claimed squat, bench press, and deadlift bests were presumably gym lifts.

WORLD’S STRONGEST MAN

Tire tossing at WSM / ESPN

Speaking of odd lifts, in the summer of 1977 when Columbu was the reigning Mr. Olympia, he competed in the first World’s Strongest Man, a made-for-TV concoction of 10 circus-like strength feats (bar-bending, caged-girl-squatting…) by eight men from various fields. It was won convincingly by 6’3” 326-lb. weightlifter Bruce Wilhelm, but Columbu, easily the smallest competitor at 5’5” and 182, tied for second in some events. He was in fourth (and just two points from second) going into the penultimate feat. That was the refrigerator race, and, with a fridge on his back, he stumbled and dislocated his knee, a devastating injury that set him back years. Even without earning a point for the final two events, he finished fifth.

GYM LIFTS

Columbu’s greatest claimed lifts were: 525 lb. bench press, 655 lb. squat, 750 lb. deadlift. Interestingly, though, on the WSM telecast, his claims were: 475, 655, and 735; and he certainly never hit a personal best in the squat or deadlift after blowing out his knee, and it’s unlikely he did his best-ever benching in his bodybuilding comeback. The higher numbers may have come from him rounding up his gym lifts to what he imagined he could’ve done in a powerlifting meet, but let’s investigate the WSM numbers.

• A 475-pound bench press seems accurate. Other than an obviously posed shot of him holding 525 at arm’s length (shirtless and oiled up) for a photo shoot, there are no photos of him benching five plates, but there is a video of him on stage at an exhibition benching 405 for five (and missing on the sixth rep), which equates to 475 for a single. And if he got the 465 in the photo at right in a tank top with his feet virtually elevated, then 525 under the best conditions was doable.

• The 655-pound squat seems exaggerated. We at The Barbell found no photos or accounts of him with more than 405 on his shoulders, and Arnold talked about them both squatting sets of 10 at that weight. Our estimate is that if he did a max single it would’ve been near what Arnold claimed as his best: 545-pound squat.

• Finally, the deadlift—the exercise that made Columbu’s reputation for inhuman strength. In the famous photo (by Artie Zeller) that opens this article, he’s pulling 675 in Gold’s Gym Venice, and the photo sequence below is him getting the aforementioned 735-pound deadlift (off of towels) at an exhibition. Assuming all the plates are legit, these are amazing feats even today and world-class then. Powerlifter Vince Anello’s best-ever deadlift in the 181 class was 735, and he rewrote the under-200 deadlifting record book in the ’70s.

CONCLUSION

Add together a 735 deadlift, 475 bench press, and 545 squat and that 1755 total would’ve won the 1972 powerlifting world championships in either the 181 or 198 class. And if he got a 525 bench, an 1805 total would’ve topped the 198 class until 1977 and the 181 class until 1980. Of course, you can’t assume he’d hit three personal bests in the same meet, but comparing his presumed lifts to the powerlifting standards of the ’70s highlights just how strong he was as an under-200 bodybuilder then.

Wilks calculators say the over-a-ton powerlifting totals of former pro bodybuilders Stan Efferding and Johnnie Jackson are more impressive, even at their much-loftier body weights. But Efferding never got close to Olympia-qualifying, and Jackson’s highest O placing was ninth. An estimated powerlifting total for eight-time Mr. O Ronnie Coleman (at 300 lbs.) puts him in the same neighborhood as Columbu, pound for pound. But let the man of many titles stand alone, a 5’5”, 180ish giant who walked amongst us:

Pound for pound, Franco Columbu was the strongest great bodybuilder of all time.